Freestanding Freezer: Why is my refrigerator so noisy?
Excessive frost on the evaporator can interfere with the rotating evaporator fan blade, causing a loud buzzing noise inside the freezer compartment. If you hear buzzing and the noise gets louder when you open the freezer door (indicating the noise is coming from inside the cabinet), check for excessive frost inside the freezer. If you find excessive frost inside the freezer, find and repair the cause to eliminate the buzzing noise.
A leaky door or lid gasket can cause excessive frost to build up inside the cabinet and on the evaporator. Replace the door or lid gasket if damaged. Manually defrost the freezer by safely storing food and unplugging the refrigerator. Prop the freezer door open and allow room-temperature air to circulate through the freezer cabinet to defrost the evaporator. After 24 hours, close the freezer door and plug the freezer back in to restore cooling. If the noise resumes, then you may need to replace the evaporator fan because its blade is damaged.
If you find frost concentrated on the evaporator cover, the automatic defrost system likely isn't working. A broken defrost heater, failed defrost timer or bad defrost bi-metal thermostat could allow excessive frost build-up to hit the evaporator fan. Repair the defrost system to eliminate the excessive frost.
A faulty compressor can cause a loud knocking or whining noise. Have a service technician examine the compressor if it's making a loud noise. A service technician will need to replace the compressor if it fails because the repair involves recovery and recharge of the refrigerant.
A small toy or other foreign object under the freezer can interfere with the condenser fan. Check for an item underneath the freezer when you hear a buzzing noise coming from the bottom of the freezer.
Replace the freezer door or lid gasket
The door seal attaches to the door panel of an upright freezer and the lid seal mounts to the lid of a chest freezer. The seal prevents air from entering or escaping the freezer when the door or lid is shut. A damaged seal lets warm, moist air into the freezer when the door or lid is closed, causing excessive frost and cooling problems. Replace the door seal if it's damaged or torn.
Replace the freezer defrost bi-metal
The freezer defrost sensor-also known as the defrost bi-metal or defrost termination thermostat-is next to the evaporator. It trips when the evaporator temperature gets too high, to protect the evaporator from overheating. When it trips, the defrost bi-metal shuts off the defrost heater. A defective defrost bi-metal prevents the defrost heater from working, causing frost to build up on the evaporator, causing a warmer freezer interior. Replace the defrost sensor if it prevents the defrost heater from working.
Replace the freezer evaporator fan
The evaporator fan mounts on the evaporator assembly. It moves air across the evaporator fins and through the cabinet for cooling. The freezer won't cool properly when the evaporator fan breaks. If the evaporator fan doesn't run when activated, replace it.
Replace the freezer defrost timer
The defrost timer controls the intervals between defrost cycles and limits the length of the cycle. During the defrost session, the timer activates the defrost heating element and prevents the compressor from running, so frost melts from the evaporator fins. Replace the defrost timer if it doesn't control the defrost heater and compressor properly.
Replace the freezer compressor
The compressor is a pump that an electric motor rotates. The compressor is the problem if the motor won't start when the start relay actives it, or if the motor runs but the pump doesn't compress the refrigerant. Have a service technician replace the compressor, because this repair requires access to the sealed refrigerant system.
Replace the freezer condenser fan motor
The condenser fan is in the machine compartment of the freezer next to the compressor. It moves air across the condenser coils to help cool the hot refrigerant coming out of the compressor. Replace the condenser fan if it fails to run when activated.
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