Electric Range: Surface element doesn't heat properly

A break or flaw in a heating coil can prevent the surface element from heating properly. If a portion of the element doesn't heat, replace the surface element.

Coil surface elements plug into a terminal block to get power. The element won't heat if the terminal block fails. You'll likely see the terminal block body melted when it fails. Check the terminal block and replace it if it's melted or damaged.

A faulty control switch or failed surface burner relay control board can also cause surface element heating problems. If a surface element heats evenly but you can't control the temperature using the surface element switch, replace the surface element switch. Replace the relay control board is it doesn't regulate the surface element to produce the heating level you set.

A broken temperature limiter on a radiant surface element may shut off the element too soon, preventing the surface element from reaching the desired temperature. If the element cycles on and off frequently and doesn't reach the proper temperature when you choose the high setting, replace the surface element temperature limiter. The thermal limiter is sometimes included with the radiant surface element so replace the radiant surface element if the thermal limiter isn't available separately from the radiant surface element.

electric range

These repairs may help solve your electric range problem

Replace the range radiant surface element

Replace the range radiant surface element

The radiant surface element is mounted on the underside of a ceramic glass cooktop. Replace the element if it fails to heat or has a faulty limiter.

February 20, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range radiant surface element

A range radiant surface element not getting hot could mean the element has failed. This DIY repair guide gives step-by-step instructions for replacing the radiant element in less than 45 minutes.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 45 minutes or less
Read more
Replace the range coil surface element

Replace the range coil surface element

The coil surface element, also known as the coil element, plugs into the terminal block in an electric cooktop. It's controlled by a surface element switch (also called an infinite burner switch) and sits above a drip pan. It provides the heat for that location on the cooktop. Replace the coil surface element if it's physically damaged or won't heat.

February 1, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range coil surface element

Learn how to replace a coil surface element on an electric range or cooktop at Sears PartsDirect. Find which tools and parts are needed, step-by-step instructions and more.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 15 minutes or less
Read more
Replace the range surface element switch

Replace the range surface element switch

The surface element switch (also called a surface burner switch or infinite burner switch) is used to turn on the heating elements on an electric cooktop. If the switch's electrical contacts fail, the switch might not turn the surface burner on or off, or it might not control the heat level of the burner.

How to replace a range surface element control switch

There are three signs that the range surface element control switch needs replacing: you can’t turn the element on, you can’t turn it off or you can’t change how hot it is. This DIY repair guide has step-by-step instructions for replacing the surface element control switch in less than 30 minutes.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 15 minutes or less
Read more
Replace the range relay control board

Replace the range relay control board

Some ranges have a relay control board that's separate from electronic control board. The relay board has electrical relays that control voltage going to major loads such as the bake element or a surface element, based on signals from the control board. Replace the relay control board if it fails to properly control voltage to a component.

February 20, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range relay control board

Is the range surface element not heating or the oven not heating–or both? The relay control board could be at fault. This DIY repair guide shows how to easily replace the range relay control board.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 45 minutes or less
Read more
Replace the range temperature limiter on a radiant surface element

Replace the range temperature limiter on a radiant surface element

The radiant surface element has a limit switch that shuts off the element to protect the ceramic glass cooktop from overheating. That limiter is included with the element on some radiant surface elements, while on others it can be replaced as a separate component. If a surface element fails to heat, or the limiter is not regulating the maximum temperature properly, replace it.

February 20, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range radiant surface element

A range radiant surface element not getting hot could mean the element has failed. This DIY repair guide gives step-by-step instructions for replacing the radiant element in less than 45 minutes.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 45 minutes or less
Read more
Replace the range solid surface disc heating element

Replace the range solid surface disc heating element

A solid surface disc element is a solid metal surface element that's mounted on the top an electric cooktop or range for surface cooking. Ribbon heating coils under the solid metal disc transmit heat to the surface of the disc and then to the cookware. Replace the element if it doesn't heat up even when it's receiving power.

February 20, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range solid surface element

Has your range solid surface element stopped heating? This DIY repair guide gives easy-to-follow instructions on replacing the solid disc element in 30 minutes or less.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 30 minutes or less
Read more
Replace the range surface element terminal block

Replace the range surface element terminal block

The terminal block is the receptacle for the coil element prongs on the underside of the cooktop next to the coil element opening. If the terminal block shorts, melts, or is otherwise damaged, it should be replaced.

Symptoms common to all ranges

Choose a symptom to see related range repairs.

Main causes: broken oven door lock assembly, wiring failure, electronic control board problem
Main causes: food splatters, spilling food on the oven door, allowing liquid to drip through oven door vent when cleaning the door
Main causes: bad bake element, broken burner igniter, control system failure, blown thermal fuse, faulty temperature sensor, wiring failure
Main causes: power supply failure, blown thermal fuse, bad relay control board, damaged terminal block, wiring failure
Main causes: power supply problem, control thermostat or electronic control board failure, broken element, bad burner igniter
Main causes: faulty temperature sensor, electronic control board problem, control thermostat failure, weak burner igniter, oven door problem
Main causes: broken broiler element, weak or broken broil burner igniter, control system failure, faulty temperature sensor, wiring failure

Repair guides common to all ranges

These step-by-step repair guides will help you safely fix what’s broken on your range.

July 20, 2018
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range oven door switch

The oven door switch detects whether the oven door is closed and helps control the oven light. Replace the switch if it doesn’t control the oven light properly.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 30 minutes or less
February 20, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range oven door lock assembly

Oven door not locking? You can replace the lock assembly in less than 30 minutes. Here's how.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 15 minutes or less

Articles and videos common to all ranges

Use the advice and tips in these articles and videos to get the most out of your range.

September 22, 2016

Easy party appetizer recipe video

By Sears PartsDirect staff

Make your next get-together a hit with these 3 great-tasting party appetizer recipes.

February 23, 2015

Where to find the model number on a kitchen or laundry appliance

By Sears PartsDirect staff

See where you should look when trying to locate the model tag on a kitchen or laundry appliance.

July 1, 2013

Range common questions

By Sears PartsDirect staff

Read the most common questions our experts hear about ranges, and the answers.