January 1, 2015

How to replace a riding lawn mower carburetor

By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a riding lawn mower carburetor

This DIY riding mower repair guide gives you step-by-step instructions for replacing the carburetor in your riding lawn mower or garden tractor. The carburetor blends air and fuel to produce a combustible mixture for the engine cylinder. If the carburetor has water damage or is clogged with dirt, debris or gummed-up gasoline, the engine might surge or be hard to start. Replace a damaged or clogged carburetor with a manufacturer-approved replacement part.

Use this repair guide and video to replace the carburetor on Briggs & Stratton engines powering Craftsman, Troybilt, MTD, Husqvarna, Murray, Snapper, Weed Eater, Toro and Ariens lawn tractors and riding mowers.

If the carburetor isn't beyond repair, you can rebuild it instead of replacing it. See How to Rebuild a Carburetor in a Riding Lawn Mower.

Quick links
Tools required
Wrench set
Nut driver set
Pliers
Hose pinch-off pliers
Shop rag
Work gloves
Repair difficulty
Time required
45 minutes or less
Repair difficulty
Time required
45 minutes or less
Replacing a carburetor on a riding lawn mower

This video explains how to replace the carburetor on a riding lawn mower.

Instructions

  1. 01.

    Disconnect the battery

    Park the tractor on a level surface in a well-ventilated area and set the parking brake.

    Turn the ignition switch off and remove the key.

    Let the engine cool.

    Wear work gloves to protect your hands.

    Lift the seat.

    Remove the bolt connecting the negative cable to the battery and tuck the cable away from the battery so it doesn't touch the battery post.

    Disconnect the negative battery cable.

    Disconnect the negative battery cable.

  2. 02.

    Remove the engine blower housing

    Lift the tractor hood.

    Remove the air duct mounting screws and pull off the air duct.

    Turn each air filter cover retaining knob counterclockwise and pull off the air filter cover.

    Remove the air filter.

    Remove the air filter housing screw.

    Remove the front and rear blower housing mounting bolts and lift off the blower housing.

    Tip: Remove the hood to gain more room to work.
    Lift off the blower housing.

    Lift off the blower housing.

  3. 03.

    Disconnect the fuel line

    Clamp off the fuel line with hose pinch-off pliers.

    Place a shop rag under the carburetor end of the fuel line to catch drips.

    Release the clamp that attaches the fuel line to the carburetor and pull the fuel line off the carburetor.

    Wipe up any spilled fuel.

    Clamp off the fuel line with hose pinch-off pliers.

    Clamp off the fuel line with hose pinch-off pliers.

  4. 04.

    Remove the carburetor

    Remove the air intake mounting nuts.

    Detach the breather tube and remove the air intake.

    Disconnect the wire from the fuel solenoid.

    Take a digital photograph of the carburetor linkage connections to document their location for reassembly.

    Remove the carburetor mounting studs.

    Disconnect the throttle rod and the throttle spring.

    Disconnect the choke rod.

    Pull off the carburetor.

    Remove the intake gasket on the engine and clean the gasket mounting surface.

    Release the carburetor from the engine.

    Release the carburetor from the engine.

  5. 05.

    Install the new carburetor

    Position the new carburetor near the engine and reconnect the choke rod.

    Connect the throttle rod and spring.

    Install the new intake gasket on the engine.

    Attach the carburetor on the engine with the mounting studs. Tighten the studs firmly.

    Connect the fuel solenoid wire.

    Attach the breather tube to the air intake and reconnect the air intake to the carburetor.

    Install the air intake mounting nuts.

    Install the new carburetor.

    Install the new carburetor.

  6. 06.

    Connect the fuel line

    Attach the fuel line to the carburetor.

    Remove the hose pinch-off pliers from the fuel line.

    Attach the fuel line to the new carburetor.

    Attach the fuel line to the new carburetor.

  7. 07.

    Reinstall the engine blower housing

    Position the blower housing on the engine and align the air diverter in the housing.

    Install the blower housing mounting bolts.

    Install the air filter housing screw.

    Install the air filter and air filter cover.

    Install the air duct and attach it with the mounting screws.

    Lower the tractor hood.

    Reinstall the blower housing.

    Reinstall the blower housing.

  8. 08.

    Reconnect the battery

    Reconnect the negative cable to the negative battery terminal.

    Lower the seat.

Warning: Undertaking repairs to power lawn-care equipment can be hazardous. Use the proper tools and safety equipment noted in the guide and follow all instructions. Do not proceed until you are confident that you understand all of the steps and are capable of completing the repair. Some repairs should only be performed by a qualified technician.

Symptoms common to all riding mowers & tractors

Choose a symptom to see related riding mower and lawn tractor repairs.

Main causes: worn or broken blade belt, broken belt idler pulley, blade clutch cable failure, bad PTO switch, damaged mandrel pulleys
Main causes: damaged cutting blade, worn deck pulley, damaged mandrel pulley, loose fasteners on mower deck components
Main causes: engine overfilled with oil, leaky head gasket or sump gasket, damaged carburetor seals, cracked fuel pump, broken fuel line
Main causes: punctured tire or inner tube, leaky valve stem, damaged wheel rim
Main causes: clogged carburetor, damaged flywheel key, dirty spark plug, stale fuel, improper valve lash, engine needs a tune up
Main causes: faulty battery, bad alternator
Main causes: worn or broken ground drive belt, bad seat switch, transaxle freewheel control engaged, transaxle failure, dirty carburetor
Main causes: shift lever needs adjustment, neutral control needs adjustment
Main causes: unlevel mower deck, dull or damaged cutting blades, worn mandrel pulleys, bent mower deck, engine needs tune up

Repair guides common to all riding mowers & tractors

These step-by-step repair guides will help you safely fix what’s broken on your riding mower or lawn tractor.

January 1, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a riding lawn mower carburetor

If the engine of your lawn tractor surges or is hard to start, the carburetor could be the problem. Follow these steps to install a new one.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 45 minutes or less
January 1, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to rebuild a riding lawn mower carburetor

Get your sputtering carburetor running smoothly in 60 minutes.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 60 minutes or less
January 1, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a riding lawn mower ignition coil

If you're not getting spark from a good spark plug, the problem could be the ignition coil. Follow these step-by-step instructions to replace it.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 30 minutes or less

Articles and videos common to all riding mowers & tractors

Use the advice and tips in these articles and videos to get the most out of your riding mower or lawn tractor.

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