Gas Snowblower: Should I tune up my snowblower?
A snowblower tune-up is a good idea at the start of every winter to keep your machine operating at peak efficiency. Our snowblower tune-up video walks you through the steps.
There may also be times during the winter that your snowblower needs a little extra TLC. If the snowblower runs rough, adjust the engine's valve lash and rebuild the carburetor. If you can't start the snowblower, you may need to replace the spark plug, fuel line or fuel filter.
If the engine runs well but the auger spins sluggishly or the snowblower lurches when driving, adjust or replace the belts.
Do a snowblower tune-up
A tune-up restores the snowblower to its peak operating condition. A tune-up includes changing the oil, cleaning the engine, replacing the air filter, checking the ignition system, inspecting the carburetor, testing the battery, adjusting the throttle and choke controls, and adjusting and lubricating all moving parts.
Clean and rebuild the snowblower carburetor
Rebuild kits are available for most carburetors. The kit contains the essential components such as jets, pins, seals and gaskets to overhaul the carburetor. You can sometimes fix a fuel supply problem by disassembling and cleaning a carburetor. Use the rebuild kit to rebuild the carburetor after cleaning it.
Adjust or replace the snowblower belts
A worn or loose belt can slip or squeal when the snowblower is in use. Physically examine the belt and pulleys. If the belt is worn, replace it. If the belt is sound, adjust the pulleys to tighten the belt.
Adjust the snowblower valve lash
The snowblower valve lash is the amount of clearance between the top of the valve stem and the rocker arm. Incorrect valve lash prevents the snowblower valve from opening or closing properly. valve lash is incorrect, the snowblower engine is hard to start, runs poorly and loses power. Premature valve failure also results from improper valve lash. Check valve lash after the first 25 hours of use and then every 100 hours. Adjust the valve lash if the snowblower engine won't start or runs poorly.
Replace the snowblower fuel filter
The snowblower fuel filter screens particles from the gasoline as fuel moves from the fuel tank to the carburetor. Fuel won't flow if the snowblower fuel filter clogs. Replace the fuel filter if it's clogged or damaged.
Replace the snowblower fuel line
A cracked or broken snowblower fuel line leaks gas, creating a fire hazard. Inspect the snowblower fuel line regularly and replace it if it's cracked or damaged.
Replace the snowblower spark plug
The snowblower spark plug creates the spark that ignites the fuel, creating a controlled explosion in the cylinder to move the piston that drives the engine. The spark plug won't create spark if deposits build up on the spark plug electrode or if the ceramic insulation cracks. Replace the snowblower spark plug if it's fouled or damaged.
Rebuild the carburetor on your snowblower if the engine isn't getting fuel.
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Get an overview of the main steps in a snowblower tune-up and click to videos with more details.