Range: Oven not baking
In an electric range, a failed bake element, electronic control board, thermal fuse, temperature sensor probe or oven control thermostat could prevent the oven from baking. On many ranges, the control will display F10 when the oven won't bake. If you see this code, use our troubleshooting the F10 code on a range video to determine the problem. If you don't see the F10 code, watch our electric oven won't heat video for tips on getting the oven heating again.
For gas ranges, a failed igniter often prevents the oven from heating. Watch our gas oven won't heat video for troubleshooting tips to get the oven in a gas range working again.
A failed keypad also can prevent the oven from working in a gas or electric range. Replace the keypad if nothing happens when you press buttons.
Replace the range bake or broil element
In an electric oven, the bake element at the bottom of the oven and the broil element at the top of the oven provide the heat for baking and broiling. Replace them if they're broken or if the oven isn't heating properly.
Replace the range oven igniter
Most gas ovens have a glow-bar oven igniter and a safety gas valve. Those components are connected in a series-type electrical circuit. When the glow-bar oven igniter is hot enough to safely ignite the gas, the safety gas valve opens. Replace the oven igniter if doesn't glow, or if it glows but doesn't get hot enough to open the gas valve. Some ovens have a separate igniter for the bake burner and the broiler burner, which operate on the same principle.
Replace the range oven temperature sensor probe
The oven temperature sensor probe detects the actual temperature in the oven cavity. Replace it if it's not detecting the temperature properly, in which case the oven doesn't maintain the temperature you set. A complete failure, in which the sensor probe doesn't detect any temperature at all, usually triggers an error code on the electronic oven control board.
Reset or replace the range thermal fuse
Many range ovens have a bi-metal thermal fuse-also called a thermal limit switch-that protects the oven from overheating. The oven thermal fuse trips when the temperature in the oven gets too hot. After the thermal fuse trips, the oven won't heat. If the thermal fuse trips after the self-cleaning cycle, try resetting the fuse by turning off electricity to the range, removing the exterior back panel, and pushing the reset button. If the fuse tripped during normal operation, replace it. If the problem persists, the electronic oven control board might require replacement. Reset the thermal fuse after replacing the control board.
Replace the range electronic oven control board
The electronic oven control (EOC) board governs the timing and execution of oven functions such as baking and broiling. It's usually in the control console and often has a digital clock on the front of its housing. Replace the electronic control board if it doesn't light up when it's supplied with electrical power, if it doesn't operate properly or doesn't properly send voltage to the bake or broil element (in an electric oven) or burner (in a gas oven).
Replace the range control membrane keypad or overlay
Some electronic control boards use a separate membrane keypad that communicates the button selections to the control board through a ribbon wire connection. Replace the membrane keypad if buttons don't work. Other electronic control boards have selection buttons incorporated into the body of the control board, with an overlay that marks the selection buttons. Replace the overlay if it's damaged or discolored.
The oven door switch detects whether the oven door is closed and helps control the oven light. Replace the switch if it doesn’t control the oven light properly.
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Learn how to troubleshoot problems with your range that cause an F10 error to be displayed.