April 21, 2015

How to maintain an oil-free air compressor

By Sears PartsDirect staff
See how to maintain an oil-free air compressor.
See how to maintain an oil-free air compressor.

A great advantage of having an oil-free air compressor is the minimal amount of maintenance it requires­–the permanently lubed pump cylinder requires no further lubrication, which means no oil changes.

But an oil-free air compressor doesn't mean maintenance-free. You still must perform routine maintenance steps before each use for safe and efficient operation.

Check the air compressor safety valve

Follow the steps below when checking the safety valve. Remember to wear safety glasses when performing the check.

  1. Plug the compressor in and run it until it reaches shut-off pressure.

  2. Pull out on the safety valve ring to release pressure from the tank.

  3. The valve should close automatically by itself. If the safety valve doesn't close automatically, or if it doesn't allow the release of air when you pull it out, replace the check valve.

Drain the air compressor tank

The air drawn into the air tank on your compressor contains water vapor that condenses like rain inside the tank. Drain the tank of water after every use. The drain valve is located underneath the tank at the very bottom. Be sure you open the drain valve all the way, and allow the tank to drain completely.

Check the air compressor air filter

The location of the air filter varies by air compressor model, but most often it's located underneath the plastic housing around the head–check your owner's manual for the exact location of yours. If the air filter is made of paper or felt, replace it once it shows sign of dirt buildup or wear. If the air filter in your model is a foam filter, you should be able to clean it with soap. Let the filter dry completely before reinstalling. Replace the foam filter if it's damaged or worn.

Visually inspect the air compressor

Inspect the hoses, valves and seals for cracks or signs of wear, and make sure fittings are secure. Check the power cord for damage or fraying and replace if you find any damage. Check the air tank for pinholes, rust or weak spots. If any damage is found, replace the tank–never try to repair, weld or drill into the tank.

If you need repair help or troubleshooting tips for your air compressor, check out our DIY air compressor repair section.

Symptoms common to all air compressors

Choose a symptom to see related air compressor repairs.

Main causes: bad safety valve, pressure switch failure
Main causes: lack of electrical power, check valve failure, bad pressure switch
Main causes: rusted air tank, loose air tube fitting connections, bad check valve, leaky safety valve, bad tank drain valve
Main cause: faulty output air pressure regulator
Main causes: tank drain valve open or leaking air, leaky air tank, bad safety valve, worn pump seals, bad pump valve plate
Main causes: loose air tube fitting connections, bad check valve, faulty safety valve, damaged or corroded air tank, bad air pump
Main cause: bad air tank pressure gauge

Repair guides common to all air compressors

These step-by-step repair guides will help you safely fix what’s broken on your air compressor.

How to replace an air compressor check valve

You can replace a defective air compressor check valve in about 10 minutes.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 15 minutes or less
How to replace an air compressor pressure switch

You can replace a broken air compressor pressure switch in about 45 minutes.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 45 minutes or less
May 1, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to rebuild an air compressor pump

If the air compressor won't fill the tank with compressed air, rebuild the pump using these steps in about 45 minutes.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 45 minutes or less

Articles and videos common to all air compressors

Use the advice and tips in these articles and videos to get the most out of your air compressor.

April 22, 2015

The unseen dangers of air compressors

By Sears PartsDirect staff

Learn about the possible dangers associated with using an air compressor and how you can reduce the risks of property damage and personal injury.

April 21, 2015

How to maintain an oil-free air compressor

By Sears PartsDirect staff

Learn how to maintain an oil-less air compressor for safe and efficient operation.

April 21, 2015

How to maintain an oil-lubricated air compressor

By Sears PartsDirect staff

See how to perform routine maintenance on your oil-lubricated air compressor.