Vacuum Cleaner: Not suctioning well
A weak suction motor, full vacuum bag, clog in the suction air path, dirty vacuum exhaust filter or leaky vacuum hose can prevent the vacuum cleaner from suctioning well.
Check the collection bag because debris won't get sucked up through the vacuum and into the collection bag efficiently when the bag is full. Empty the bag if it's full. On a vacuum model that uses a single-use collection bag, you'll need to replace the collection bag when it's full.
If your vacuum uses an exhaust filter, a clogged exhaust filter will prevent suction air from flowing through the vacuum efficiently. Check the exhaust filter and replace it if it's dirty.
Check the suction air path for a clog. Debris in the nozzle, hose or an internal pipe in the vacuum can inhibit suction air flow so remove any debris that you find blocking the suction air path.
For a canister vacuum, holes in the vacuum hose can diminish suction air flow through the nozzle because air gets sucked through hose holes instead of the nozzle. Replace the vacuum hose if it has holes.
Replace the vacuum suction motor
The suction motor rotates the fan that creates suction by moving air from the intake at the cleaning head to the dirt collection chamber. If the motor doesn't create suction or doesn't run at all, replace it.
Replace the vacuum bag
The vacuum cleaner bag collects the dust and dirt that the vacuum sucks up. It also helps filter the exhaust air. Replace the bag when it's full, torn or damaged.
Replace the vacuum hose
The vacuum cleaner hose is constructed of reinforced vinyl. It sometimes has wires integrated into the hose. If the hose is torn or the integrated wires are broken, replace the hose.
Replace the vacuum exhaust filter
The exhaust filter traps dust and pollutants from the exhaust air from the dirt collection chamber. To extend the life of the filter, you can clean it by shaking it or wiping it . When the filter is so clogged that cleaning isn't effective, replace it.
See what to check if you experience a loss of suction in your vacuum cleaner.
Come see which tools made our top 10 must-haves for DIY appliance repair.