Wall Oven Common Parts Glossary

Bake element

The bake element is at the bottom of an electric oven and provides the heat for the baking.

Broiler element

The broiler element is at the top of an electric oven interior and provides the heat for the broiling.

Control panel

The control panel houses the control keypad, temperature display and other displays. Switches and the electronic control board are attached to the control panel.

Door light switch

The oven door light switch is a plunger switch on the frame of the oven above the opening to the oven. The oven door pushes the oven light switch plunger in when the door is closed to turn the light off. When the door is open, the plunger is released and the light is on.

Electronic oven control board

The electronic oven control (EOC) board governs the timing and execution of oven functions in the range. It's usually attached to the control panel and often has a digital display clock mounted on the front of its housing.

Outer oven door glass panel

The outer oven door glass panel is the heat-resistant piece of glass that forms the outer part of the oven door window.

Outer oven door glass panel

The outer oven door glass panel is the heat-resistant piece of glass that forms the outer part of the oven door.

Oven control thermostat

The oven thermostat is mounted in the control panel of the oven and has a control dial for setting the desired oven temperature. The oven control thermostat turns the heat on and off to maintain the set temperature. The control thermostat connects to a sensor tube; that sensor tube then connects to a sensor bulb inside the oven. The sensor bulb detects the actual temperature inside the oven.

Oven door hinge

The hinges on an oven door control the rate at which the door opens and also allow the door to stay open at an angle. Hinges are usually installed in pairs so the hinges and tension springs match, ensuring the smooth operation of the door.

Oven door hinge kit

The hinges on an oven door control the rate at which the door opens and also allow the door to stay open at an angle. Hinges are usually installed in pairs so the hinges and tension springs match, ensuring the smooth operation of the door. The oven door hinge kit usually has 2 hinges, one for each side of the oven door. It has related parts such as receivers for the hinges that mount in the frame of the range.

Oven door lock assembly

The oven door lock assembly is a safety mechanism that prevent accidental burns and oven fires by latching the door shut during self-cleaning. The door unlocks when the oven cools to a safe temperature (usually less than 200 degrees F). It's also used on ovens with the child lock-out feature. The assembly includes the lock and switches that detect whether the door is locked.

Oven igniter

In a gas oven, the oven igniter is a glow bar that heats up to ignite the gas for the oven burner. It's in a series electrical circuit with the safety gas valve. The safety gas valve opens when it detects that the igniter is hot enough to light the gas. Some gas ovens have a separate bake igniter and broiler igniter, instead if a single oven igniter for both the bake burner and broiler burner.

Oven selector switch

The oven selector switch is mounted on the control panel an is used to select the bake or broil mode for the oven. Electrical contacts in the switch complete a voltage path to the selected oven element.

Oven temperature sensor probe

The oven temperature sensor probe is at the top of the back of the oven and detects the temperature inside the oven. Temperature is measured by the change in resistance in this sensor, which is why the sensor is also referred to as an Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD). A wire harness connects the oven temperature sensor probe to the electronic control board so the sensor can communicate the oven temperature to the control board.

Relay control board

Some ranges have a relay control board that's separate from the timer and control board. The relay board has electrical relays (switches) that control voltage going to major loads such as the bake element or a surface element, based on signals from the control board.

Thermal fuse

Many ovens have a bi-metal thermal fuse—also called a thermal limit switch—that protects the oven from overheating. The oven thermal fuse trips when the controls aren't working properly and the temperature in the oven gets too hot.