Vacuum Common Parts Glossary

Adjustable wand

The adjustable wand is a stiff suction tube that attaches to the cleaning head at one end and the vacuum hose at the other end. The wand telescopes, so its length can be adjusted. The wand transfers dirt from the cleaning head to the vacuum hose. The wand has a handle at the end that enables the user to maneuver the cleaning head.

Brush roll for a cogged belt

The brush roll is a cylinder covered with rows of bristles. As the brush roll spins, the bristles lift dirt from the carpet fibers. This brush roll is for use on a vacuum with a cogged drive belt.

Brush roll for a ribbed belt

The brush roll is a cylinder covered with rows of bristles. As the brush roll spins, the bristles lift dirt from the carpet fibers. This brush roll is for use on a vacuum with a ribbed drive belt.

Cogged drive belt

Some power brush attachments for canister vacuums have a rubber drive belt with cogs or teeth on the inner surface. The cogs fit into geared sprockets on the end of the drive motor shaft and the brush roller. The cogs and sprockets transfer motion between the drive motor pulley and the brush roll.

Dirt sensor

The dirt sensor is a set of optic lenses that detects the amount of dirt and debris moving through the vacuum hose to the collection bag in the vacuum.

Dirt sensor control board

The dirt sensor control board receives signals from the dirt sensor and sends signals to the dirt sensor display to show the amount of dirt being picked up by the vacuum.

Exhaust filter

The exhaust filter traps particles exhaust air from the dirt collection chamber.

Motor air filter

The motor air filter is a sponge that removes dirt and dust from the circulation cooling air that moves from the dirt collection chamber to the suction motor compartment. Because this type of filter usually can't be cleaned, it must be replaced when it's dirty.

Ribbed drive belt

Some power brush attachments for canister vacuums have a rubber drive belt with ribs on the inner surface. The drive belt transfers motion between the drive motor pulley and the brush roll.

Stationary wand

The stationary wand is a stiff suction tube that attaches to the cleaning head at one end and the vacuum hose at the other end. The length of the wand is fixed. The wand transfers dirt from the cleaning head to the vacuum hose. The wand has a handle at the end that enables the user to maneuver the cleaning head.

Suction motor

The suction motor rotates the vacuum fan assembly to create suction.

Vacuum bag

The vacuum bag collects the dust and dirt that the vacuum cleaner sucks up.

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Vacuum hose

The vacuum hose runs from the cleaning attachment to the dirt collection chamber in the vacuum cleaner.