Table Saw Common Parts

Arbor shaft

The arbor shaft mounts to the motor and the saw blade attaches to the end of the arbor shaft. The arbor shaft rotates the saw blade when the motor runs.

Blade guard

The table saw’s blade guard is a clear plastic cover positioned over the blade. The blade guard prevents accidental hand contact with the saw blade.

Carbon Motor Brush

The spring-loaded motor brushes on the table saw mount against the rotating armature, transferring power to the armature.

Dado blade

The table saw’s dado blade cuts wide grooves in a work piece. Use the dado blade to shape molding and cut dovetails.

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Drive motor

The drive motor rotates the arbor shaft to spin the saw blade.

Miter gauge

The miter gauge guides a work piece through the table saw’s blade when crosscutting. The miter gauge includes a pivoting head that pushes the work piece and a long thin guide that slides along inside a miter slot in the table. The long thin guide keeps the miter head in a straight line parallel to the blade as you push the work piece forward using the miter head.

Motor overload

The table saw’s motor overload prevents motor damage by shutting off power to the motor when the blade binds up in the work piece overheating the motor. A reset switch on the overload allows you to restore power to the motor after the motor cools down and you clear the blade.

On/Off switch

The On/Off turns the drive motor on and off.

Positive stop

Positive stops are set screws that attach to the table to stop the blade at 90-degree and 45-degree angles. Adjust the set screws if necessary to fix the blade exactly at those angles if you find the blade angle off slightly.

Power cord

The power cord connects the table saw to the electrical outlet to supply power to the motor.

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Rip fence

The table saw’s rip fence guides a work piece through the blade during a rip cut. A rip cut saws through the work piece lengthwise. The rip fence guides the work piece during rip cutting because the work piece is difficult to safely hold by hand when cutting work pieces length-wise.

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Riving knife

The table saw’s riving knife is a metal piece mounted behind the blade guard assembly that helps prevent the work piece from kicking back by preventing the work piece from rotating during cutting.

Saw blade

The saw blade is a circular metal disc with teeth mounted to the arbor shaft. The motor spins the arbor shaft which rotates the saw blade to cut the work piece.

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Table insert

The table insert covers a portion of the gap in the table where the saw blade extends up from below. Pull out the removable table insert to replace the saw blade. Replace the table insert with a dado insert when using a dado blade.