Range: Oven won't heat

A failed oven control thermostat or oven selector switch can prevent the oven from heating on a range that has dials for the oven controls. On a range with a digital display, a bad electronic control board or faulty oven temperature sensor probe may keep the oven from working.

In an electric range, a broken bake element won’t heat the oven. Follow the troubleshooting steps in our electric oven won't heat video to find the cause of the oven heating problem.

A weak oven igniter often prevents the oven in a gas range from heating. Our gas oven won’t heat video provides troubleshooting steps to fix the oven in a gas range.

Some ranges have a thermal switch that trips when the oven overheats. A tripped thermal switch won’t allow the oven to heat. This video shows how to reset the thermal switch so the oven will heat again.

Electronically controlled ranges typically display an error code when the oven won’t heat. F10 is a common code displayed on many models. This video shows how to troubleshoot the F10 code. If your range displays a different code, use our error code charts to find troubleshooting for the code.

These repairs may help solve your Range problem:

Replace the range oven igniter

Oven igniter

Most gas ovens have a glow-bar oven igniter and a safety gas valve. Those components are connected in a series-type electrical circuit. When the glow-bar oven igniter is hot enough to safely ignite the gas, the safety gas valve opens. Replace the oven igniter if doesn't glow, or if it glows but doesn't get hot enough to open the gas valve. Some ovens have a separate igniter for the bake burner and the broiler burner, which operate on the same principle.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Replace the range bake or broil element

Bake element

In an electric oven, the bake element at the bottom of the oven and the broil element at the top of the oven provide the heat for baking and broiling. Replace them if they're broken or if the oven isn't heating properly.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Replace the range oven temperature sensor probe

Oven temperature sensor probe

The oven temperature sensor probe detects the actual temperature in the oven cavity. Replace it if it's not detecting the temperature properly, in which case the oven doesn't maintain the temperature you set. A complete failure, in which the sensor probe doesn't detect any temperature at all, usually triggers an error code on the electronic oven control board.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Reset or replace the range thermal fuse

Thermal fuse

Many range ovens have a bi-metal thermal fuse—also called a thermal limit switch—that protects the oven from overheating. The oven thermal fuse trips when the temperature in the oven gets too hot. After the thermal fuse trips, the oven won't heat. If the thermal fuse trips after the self-cleaning cycle, try resetting the fuse by turning off electricity to the range, removing the exterior back panel, and pushing the reset button. If the fuse tripped during normal operation, replace it. If the problem persists, the electronic oven control board might require replacement. Reset the thermal fuse after replacing the control board.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Replace the range's oven control thermostat

Oven control thermostat

The oven thermostat is a temperature-controlled switch that controls heating inside the oven. Replace the thermostat if it doesn't maintain the oven temperature incorrectly, if it fails to turn on to the oven burner to heat the oven, or if it fails to turn off the burner when the oven is at the set temperature.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Replace the range's oven selector switch

Oven selector switch

The oven selector switch has electrical contacts that can fail. If the contacts in the oven selector switch fail, replace the switch.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Replace the range electronic oven control board

Electronic oven control board

The electronic oven control (EOC) board governs the timing and execution of oven functions such as baking and broiling. It's usually in the control console and often has a digital clock on the front of its housing. Replace the electronic control board if it doesn't light up when it's supplied with electrical power, if it doesn't operate properly or doesn't properly send voltage to the bake or broil element (in an electric oven) or burner (in a gas oven).

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.