Range: Oven won't heat
A failed oven control thermostat or oven selector switch can prevent the oven from heating on a range that has dials for the oven controls. On a range with a digital display, a bad electronic control board or faulty oven temperature sensor probe may keep the oven from working.
In an electric range, a broken bake element won't heat the oven. Follow the troubleshooting steps in our electric oven won't heat video to find the cause of the oven heating problem
A weak oven igniter often prevents the oven in a gas range from heating. Our gas oven won't heat video provides troubleshooting steps to fix the oven in a gas range.
Some ranges have a thermal switch that trips when the oven overheats. A tripped thermal switch won't allow the oven to heat. Our video troubleshooting problems with an oven thermal switch will help you reset the thermal switch so the oven will heat again.
Electronically controlled ranges typically display an error code when the oven won't heat. F10 is a common code displayed on many models. Our video shows how to troubleshoot the F10 range code. If your range displays a different code, use our error code charts to find troubleshooting for the code.
Replace the range oven igniter
Most gas ovens have a glow-bar oven igniter and a safety gas valve. Those components are connected in a series-type electrical circuit. When the glow-bar oven igniter is hot enough to safely ignite the gas, the safety gas valve opens. Replace the oven igniter if doesn't glow, or if it glows but doesn't get hot enough to open the gas valve. Some ovens have a separate igniter for the bake burner and the broiler burner, which operate on the same principle.
Replace the range bake or broil element
In an electric oven, the bake element at the bottom of the oven and the broil element at the top of the oven provide the heat for baking and broiling. Replace them if they're broken or if the oven isn't heating properly.
Replace the range oven temperature sensor probe
The oven temperature sensor probe detects the actual temperature in the oven cavity. Replace it if it's not detecting the temperature properly, in which case the oven doesn't maintain the temperature you set. A complete failure, in which the sensor probe doesn't detect any temperature at all, usually triggers an error code on the electronic oven control board.
Reset or replace the range thermal fuse
Many range ovens have a bi-metal thermal fuse-also called a thermal limit switch-that protects the oven from overheating. The oven thermal fuse trips when the temperature in the oven gets too hot. After the thermal fuse trips, the oven won't heat. If the thermal fuse trips after the self-cleaning cycle, try resetting the fuse by turning off electricity to the range, removing the exterior back panel, and pushing the reset button. If the fuse tripped during normal operation, replace it. If the problem persists, the electronic oven control board might require replacement. Reset the thermal fuse after replacing the control board.
Replace the range oven control thermostat
The oven thermostat is a temperature-controlled switch that controls heating inside the oven. Replace the thermostat if it doesn't maintain the oven temperature incorrectly, if it fails to turn on to the oven burner to heat the oven, or if it fails to turn off the burner when the oven is at the set temperature.
Replace the range oven selector switch
The oven selector switch has electrical contacts that can fail. If the contacts in the oven selector switch fail, replace the switch.
Replace the range electronic oven control board
The electronic oven control (EOC) board governs the timing and execution of oven functions such as baking and broiling. It's usually in the control console and often has a digital clock on the front of its housing. Replace the electronic control board if it doesn't light up when it's supplied with electrical power, if it doesn't operate properly or doesn't properly send voltage to the bake or broil element (in an electric oven) or burner (in a gas oven).
The oven door switch detects whether the oven door is closed and helps control the oven light. Replace the switch if it doesn’t control the oven light properly.
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Learn how to troubleshoot problems with your range that cause an F10 error to be displayed.