Range: Not working at all

If the range doesn't work at all, it's likely that the range has no electrical power for the display or controls. Possible causes are a tripped house circuit breaker for the range, a problem with the outlet cord (not plugged in or broken) or an internal wiring failure. A blown thermal fuse can prevent the control from powering up on some ranges. Some ranges have a relay control board that supplies power to the display and controls so a failed relay control board could prevent the range from working.

For an electric range that won't power up, check the terminal block on the back of the range for loose wires or broken terminals. Replace the terminal block if damaged.

range

These repairs may help solve your range problem

Replace the range power cord

Replace the range power cord

Replace the power cord if it's damaged or fails due to an internal break in the wiring. Also replace it ifyou move a range to a location with a different electrical outlet type-4 prong instead of 3 prong 220 volt outlet, for example.

Replace the range electronic oven control board

Replace the range electronic oven control board

The electronic oven control (EOC) board governs the timing and execution of oven functions such as baking and broiling. It's usually in the control console and often has a digital clock on the front of its housing. Replace the electronic control board if it doesn't light up when it's supplied with electrical power, if it doesn't operate properly or doesn't properly send voltage to the bake or broil element (in an electric oven) or burner (in a gas oven).

February 1, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a gas range oven control board

If the control panel on a gas range is blank or the oven won't heat, it could be a faulty oven control board. This repair guide and video show how to replace the range oven control board in 30 minutes or less.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 30 minutes or less
Read more
February 20, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace an electric range oven control board

If the range control panel is blank, the oven control board could be the problem—the oven might not heat either. This DIY repair guide and video show how to replace the range oven control board easily, in 30 minutes or less.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 30 minutes or less
Read more
Replace the range relay control board

Replace the range relay control board

Some ranges have a relay control board that's separate from electronic control board. The relay board has electrical relays that control voltage going to major loads such as the bake element or a surface element, based on signals from the control board. Replace the relay control board if it fails to properly control voltage to a component.

February 20, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range relay control board

Is the range surface element not heating or the oven not heating–or both? The relay control board could be at fault. This DIY repair guide shows how to easily replace the range relay control board.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 45 minutes or less
Read more
Reset or replace the range thermal fuse

Reset or replace the range thermal fuse

Many range ovens have a bi-metal thermal fuse-also called a thermal limit switch-that protects the oven from overheating. The oven thermal fuse trips when the temperature in the oven gets too hot. After the thermal fuse trips, the oven won't heat. If the thermal fuse trips after the self-cleaning cycle, try resetting the fuse by turning off electricity to the range, removing the exterior back panel, and pushing the reset button. If the fuse tripped during normal operation, replace it. If the problem persists, the electronic oven control board might require replacement. Reset the thermal fuse after replacing the control board.

Replace the range terminal block for the power cord

Replace the range terminal block for the power cord

This terminal block is located on the back of the range. it's the connection point for incoming power to the range from the power cord. It has heavy connection terminals that can handle the high incoming current load needed to operate the oven and stove top elements. A short circuit in the wiring could damage the terminal block and it should be replaced.

Symptoms common to all ranges

Choose a symptom to see related range repairs.

Main causes: bad bake element, broken burner igniter, control system failure, blown thermal fuse, faulty temperature sensor, wiring failure
Main causes: broken broiler element, weak or broken boil burner igniter, control system failure, faulty temperature sensor, wiring failure
Main causes: power supply failure, blown thermal fuse, bad relay control board, damaged terminal block, wiring failure
Main causes: broken oven door lock assembly, wiring failure, electronic control board problem
Main causes: food splatters, spilling food on the oven door, allowing liquid to drip through oven door vent when cleaning the door
Main causes: power supply problem, control thermostat or electronic control board failure, broken element, bad burner igniter
Main causes: faulty temperature sensor, electronic control board problem, control thermostat failure, weak burner igniter, oven door problem
Repair guides common to all ranges

These step-by-step repair guides will help you safely fix what’s broken on your range.

July 20, 2018
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range oven door switch

The oven door switch detects whether the oven door is closed and helps control the oven light. Replace the switch if it doesn’t control the oven light properly.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 30 minutes or less
February 20, 2015
By Lyle Weischwill
How to replace a range oven door lock assembly

Oven door not locking? You can replace the lock assembly in less than 30 minutes. Here's how.

Repair difficulty
Time required
 30 minutes or less
Articles and videos common to all ranges

Use the advice and tips in these articles and videos to get the most out of your range.

October 26, 2016
How to repair broken or damaged wires video
By Sears PartsDirect staff

Learn how to repair broken, frayed or damaged wires in your appliances.

January 28, 2015
How to make super-moist brownies
By Sears PartsDirect staff

This recipe makes 50 incredibly moist brownies.

November 28, 2014
4 things you're doing wrong with your oven
By Sears PartsDirect staff

You might be surprised by these 4 tips for using your oven better.