How to Replace the Direct-Drive Motor on a Front-Load Washer

 

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This washer repair guide explains how to install a new drive motor in a direct-drive front load washer. This type of washer doesn't have a drive belt; the drive motor attaches directly to the spin basket shaft. If the drive motor fails, the washer basket won't spin. The control panel usually displays an error code if the drive motor fails. Follow the steps in this washer repair guide to replace the drive motor with a manufacturer-approved replacement part.

If you're not sure if your washer has a direct-drive motor, check out the explanation in our washer FAQs.

Repair difficulty:
     
Time required:

Less than 60 min.

Parts Required

  • Drive motor

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Tools Required

  • Phillips screwdriver
  • Socket wrench set
  • Thread-locking fluid
  • Work gloves

Before you begin

Wear work gloves to protect your hands. Have someone help you move the washer away from the wall.

Instructions

 Warning: Undertaking repairs to appliances can be hazardous. Use the proper tools and safety equipment noted in the guide and follow all instructions. Do not proceed until you are confident that you understand all of the steps and are capable of completing the repair. Some repairs should only be performed by a qualified technician.

Step 1: Shut off the electricity

Unplug the power cord from the wall outlet.

Step 2: Remove the back panel

Pull the washer forward to access the back panel. Remove the 4 screws from the back panel. Lift up to release the back panel and pull it off.

Step 3: Remove the rotor

Remove the 17mm bolt on the back of the motor and pull the rotor off of the motor. 

 Tip: Hold the rotor still and strike the ratchet with a sharp blow to loosen the rotor bolt.

Step 4: Release the wire harness from the tub

Use a Phillips screwdriver to remove the screws from the wire harness bracket and retainers on the back of the washer tub. Remove the screw that holds the green ground wire on the back of the tub.

Step 5: Remove the stator

Remove the 6 bolts that secure the stator—the part of the motor that doesn't move—to the tub. Release the stator and unplug the wire harness connections. Remove the motor.

Step 6: Install the new motor

Connect the wires to the motor and the tachometer. Position the new stator on the back of the tub. Replace the 6 bolts and tighten them firmly. 

Step 7: Reattach the wire harness

Reinstall the wire harness bracket and retainers that secure the wires to the back of the tub. Attach the green ground wire to the tub.

Step 8: Reinstall the rotor

Push the rotor back onto the shaft. Apply thread locking fluid to the bolt. Reinstall the bolt and tighten it firmly. 

 Tip: Open the washer door and have someone hold the spin basket still from the front of the washer while you firmly tighten the rotor bolt.

Step 9: Reinstall the rear panel

Position the rear panel on the back of the washer and secure it with the mounting screws. Tighten the screws firmly.

Step 10: Restore the power

Plug the washer into the electrical outlet. Return the washer to its original location.